Carbon Farming

Carbon Farming

GreenCollar works with graziers, farmers and land managers throughout Australia to develop carbon projects under the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF).

Our projects enhance productive enterprise while caring for the environment. Our team of project development and technical specialists can help you earn a resilient, drought-proof income.

how it works

Carbon Farming projects generate income for landholders through changes in land management practices which reduce greenhouse gas emissions or store carbon in soil and vegetation.

The Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF), formerly the Carbon Farming Initiaitve (CFI), is a government-run offsets program which allows landholders to implement carbon storage or emissions abatement activities to generate and sell carbon credits. These carbon credits are called Australian Carbon Credit Units (ACCUs) which represent one tonne of stored carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2-e) or avoided emissions through approved management activities and methodologies.

Eligible activities that landholders can undertake to produce carbon credits include:

– changes to livestock management
– protecting native vegetation at risk of clearing
– regeneration or reforestation of native vegetation
– improving soil carbon

Carbon credits (ACCUs) are purchased by the government, through the Emissions Reduction Fund, or by individuals and companies wishing to voluntarily offset their emissions.

Work With Us

GreenCollar works alongside landholders across the country to manage close to 3 million hectares of private land on over 100 projects achieving positive commercial and environmental outcomes. GreenCollar is one of the only companies in Australia with full end-to-end, in-house expertise in the development, management, legal and technical implementation of commercial carbon projects.

Peter Yench, Carbon Farmer, Grazier

Peter Yench, Carbon Farmer and Grazier, NSW

GreenCollar strives to develop individual carbon farming projects that suit our landholders and give best results. Our projects provide environmental and economic benefits for landholders where a non-traditional income stream helps to ensure sustainability of existing operations. Through our work, carbon storage and abatement of emissions help to combat climate change, assisting Australia to meet international agreements and emissions targets while improving productivity on the land.


Arrange your business case assessment


GreenCollar will undertake a no cost assessment of your property’s eligibility and carbon potential.

Please get in touch to find out if you can earn income from carbon credits, or if you simply want to learn more about carbon farming.

We provide expert advice on carbon projects and unmatched understanding of what will suit your land and your business.


Cairns – 07 4220 9396
Bundaberg – 07 4335 1052
Brisbane – 07 3319 2054
[email protected]


Sydney – 02 9252 9828
Dubbo – 02 5823 4531
[email protected]


Adelaide – 08 8125 0638
[email protected]


Darwin – 08 8911 0787
[email protected]


Perth – 086263 7645
[email protected]

ACT – 02 6108 3841

TAS – 03 6251 1707


03 8080 8916
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Landholders with carbon farming projects are paid directly for the environmental service of carbon storage or abatement but there are often other benefits that come with each project. Carbon farming creates additional co-benefits for landholders, producers, communities and the environment and enhances long-term productivity and sustainability of land.

Additional income from carbon credits allows for further investment in land and business:

  • Financing infrastructure and management changes

– Water conservation techniques
– Improved fencing
– Fire management activities
– Potential for lower stocking rates
– Increase and maintain ground cover
– Feral animal and pest control
– Ability to afford supplementary feed in adverse conditions

  • Risk mitigation

– Resilient income not reliant on commodity prices or affected by drought/weather

– Implementation of closer monitoring and recording to make timely decisions

  • Improving natural capital and surrounding environment

– Reducing wind and water erosion
– Improving soil health and water retention
– Higher productivity and improved animal health
– Restoring habitat for native flora and fauna
– Improving biodiversity and ecosystem connectivity
– Reducing impacts of agriculture activities and adverse flow on effects

  • Providing income, jobs and security to regional and rural communities

Carbon projects have allowed us to achieve the triple bottom line on our property. We’ve been able to marryup the economic, environmental and social aspects of our business. We believe we have a duty to care for country and to produce sustainably for our future generations.

We run sheep for production and have actually been able to improve overall ground cover and the diversity of native ground cover by running fewer stock but to a point where we’re fetching a higher price at the farm gate.

Rangeland Grazier, Wanaaring/Hungerford

Vegetation Management Methods

Vegetation projects generate carbon abatement by storing carbon in growing vegetation or by preventing the release of emissions from clearing native vegetation. There are a number of eligible activities that may be implemented for vegetation management.

Human-Induced Regeneration projects aim to regenerate parts of a property where vegetation has previously been suppressed. Carbon abatement is calculated through modelling software. To be eligible a project area must involve one or more of the following regeneration activities: management of the timing and extent of grazing, management of feral animals, cessation of mechanical or chemical destruction of regrowth or the exclusion of livestock.

Avoided Deforestation projects require protection of native forest which has previously received government consent to be cleared and converted to cropland or grassland. These projects generate carbon credits for landholders who maintain forest and do not clear the land. Carbon abatement is achieved by not clearing native vegetation, avoiding the release of emissions.

Avoided Clearing of Native Regrowth projects protect growing forest from future scheduled clearing. Carbon is stored in native regrowth scheduled to be cleared under a property’s historical clearing regime. There must be evidence of two historical clearing events that have occurred where unrestricted clearing is permitted and cropping or grazing is undertaken.

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Soil Carbon Methods

Soil carbon projects require the introduction of new management actions that increase carbon inputs into soil or reduce the loss of soil organic carbon. A range of agricultural activities can be used to build and sequester soil carbon stocks.

These activities may include converting cropland to pasture, renovating pastures, changing grazing patterns or introducing sustainable, productive land management practices. Projects are implemented through a series of modelled scenarios or through direct measurements to estimate carbon sequestration over time and produce carbon credits.Soil carbon, carbon farming, carbon projects, carbon credits, accustomed

Beef Herd Management Methods

Beef Cattle Herd Management projects reduce the overall emissions intensity of pasture-fed beef cattle herds. Changes are made to herd structure and new management actions are implemented to improve herd productivity. Landholders or managers earn carbon credits through the emissions reduced per kilogram of beef produced. 

Activities that improve herd performance and reduce emissions intensity include reducing the average age of the herd, reducing the proportion of unproductive cattle within the herd, or changing the number of cattle in each livestock class within the herd.

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GreenCollar will work with farmers and graziers to explore land sector project options across all available Emissions Reductions Fund methods.

For a full list of eligible carbon farming activities and methodologies see the Emissions Reduction Fund website.